ELECTRONIC NICOTINE DELIVERY SYSTEMS (ENDS)
E-cigarettes (or electronic cigarettes) are battery-operated devices people use to inhale nicotine and can be found in a variety of formats as shown below.
ALL ABOUT NICOTINE AND ENDS
Most ENDS have nicotine, a very addictive chemical, just like other tobacco products.
It is hard to break nicotine addiction because ENDS have nicotine AND mimic the action of smoking.
Nicotine is not harmless- it is a poison that can kill a small child with as little as 1 teaspoon and it changes your heart rate and raises your blood pressure.
Smoking vs. Vaping
INGREDIENTS & HEALTH EFFECTS
Vapor is not just water vapor. It is an aerosol full of nicotine and other chemicals that float in the air together.
Studies show that aerosol from an END often has formaldehyde, heavy metals and other chemicals known to cause cancer.
Many liquid nicotine flavors use a chemical called diacetyl. When inhaled, diacetyl may cause popcorn lung, a serious lung disease.
All e-cigs have chemicals and added flavors. (Even those that say they are nicotine-free). The health risks of inhaling these chemicals are not yet known.
There is still a need for long-term studies to identify what prolonged use of ENDs does to the body.
There have been reports of electronic cigarettes exploding and causing third-degree burns. Click here to read one story.
Watch the video above see how one of the ingredients, diacetyl, may cause popcorn lung.
CAN E-CIGARETTES HELP YOU QUIT SMOKING?
Many e-cigarette companies market their product as a tool to help smokers quit. However, the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research has not approved any e-cigarette as a safe or effective method to help smokers quit. Instead of quitting, many e-cigarette users are continuing to use e-cigarettes while still using conventional cigarettes.
In 2015, 58.8 percent of the people who recently used e-cigarettes also currently smoked conventional cigarettes.6 The U.S. Surgeon General has found that even smoking a few cigarettes a day is dangerous to your health. The U.S. Public Health Service has found that the seven therapies approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in combination with individual, group or phone cessation counseling are the most effective way to help smokers quit. Until and unless the FDA approves a specific electronic nicotine delivery system or e-cigarette as safe and effective for use as a tobacco cessation aid, the American Lung Association does not support their use for cessation or any direct or implied claims that e-cigarettes help smokers quit.(Source lung.org)
It is recommended to use one of the seven FDA approved medications for tobacco cessation.
E-CIGARETTE USE AMONG YOUTH
Additional background: In December 2016, the U.S. Surgeon General issued a groundbreaking report "E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults" that made a number of important conclusions and findings about the use of e-cigarettes among youth. These included that the flavors in e-cigarettes are one of the main reasons youth use them, e-cigarette aerosol is not safe and that e-cigarette use is strongly associated with the use of other tobacco products among youth and young adults. Most importantly, the Surgeon General concluded that e-cigarette use among youth is now a significant public health concern and steps must be taken by parents, educators and especially policymakers to discourage use of e-cigarettes. (source: lung.org)
2018 NATIONAL YOUTH TOBACCO SURVEY
According to 2018 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) data, current e-cigarette use—or “vaping”—among middle and high school students increased alarmingly between 2017 and 2018, with over 3.6 million kids currently using e-cigarettes in 2018.
IN THE NEWS
8 Wisconsin teens hospitalized with severe lung damage due to vaping, doctors suspect
July 26, 2019
FDA puts e-cig makers on notice: Fix ‘epidemic’ teen use or products may be pulled from market
Sep 12, 2018
Health groups push for stricter FDA regulations on e-cigarette liquids
August 15, 2018